Kyrgyzstan for the first time reported on the achievement of sustainable development goals and received comments from the Civil Society.

Сен 01.2020

On July 16, 2020, Kyrgyzstan reported on the achievement of the sustainable development goals during a High-Level Political Forum.  After the presentation of the government's report, civil society had the opportunity to comment on the report and on the situation in the country.

What kind of sustainable development?

In 2015, UN member states adopted the Development Agenda 2030 and 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aimed at the development of countries and the well-being of people.  There are economic, social and environmental blocks among the goals.  The main principle of the Development Agenda: Leave no one behind.

What kind of report has Kyrgyzstan prepared?

The National Voluntary Report is a document that covers progress towards achieving sustainable development goals.  Unlike mandatory periodic country reporting to UN Committees, reporting on the SDGs is voluntary.  Kyrgyzstan reported for the first time in 5 years and on all 17 goals, which was positively noted by the UN and many other countries.

What is the High Level Political Forum?

The High-Level Political Forum, a UN event held annually in New York (online this year), is becoming a space for dialogue, exchange of experiences and lessons learned among UN member states.  A number of countries report annually on their success in achieving the goals.

What kind of comments from the Civil Society?

After the government's report, other countries or stakeholders can come up with comments and their own questions.  Civil society is usually given only two minutes.  Civil society issued a statement based on the comments made during the discussion of the national voluntary report and prepared by the “Association for the Development of Education in Kyrgyzstan”,  Women's Organization “Alga”, “Bir Duino Kyrgyzstan”, “Kyrgyz Indigo”.  The latter two organizations are part of the Coalition for Equality, which has produced an alternative report on the achievement of the sustainable development goals.

The statement said that the environmental situation in Kyrgyzstan is deteriorating, with poor prevention of risks and disasters, which led to the death of citizens during the pandemic and there was no equal access for patients to quality medical care, a systemic gap was noted, gender violence was increasing and civic space was shrinking.  The main conclusion is that there is practically no consistent strategic work to remove structural barriers, and strategies for education, gender equality and health care do not have sufficient funding for implementation.  The statement contained recommendations on the adoption of anti-discrimination legislation, the withdrawal of discriminatory laws: "On manipulation of information," amendments to the laws "On NGOs", "On Trade Unions", as well as recommendations on transparent budget allocation to combat COVID-19, citizens' access to  information and decision making.

The key problem is non-compliance with international obligations and systematic disregard for the implementation of the UN Human Rights Committee's considerations in relation to victims of torture and discrimination.

More details on the statement, recommendations and questions from Civil Society can be found in the appendix:


 We support Kyrgyzstan's aspirations to achieve sustainable development goals.  Kyrgyzstan, as a member of the UN, must fulfill its international obligations.

 Solving environmental, social and economic problems is the foundation of sustainable development.

 Climate change, air pollution, cross-border conflicts continue to lead to the emergence of new and consolidation of basic inequalities in Kyrgyzstan.  The authorities do not solve these problems systematically; more than 92 uranium tailings from storage facilities threaten not only Kyrgyzstan, but the whole of Central Asia.

 Remittances account for 33% of Kyrgyzstan's GDP.  Migrant remittances are expected to decrease by 15-50% due to COVID-19.  This will increase unemployment and poverty rates.

 There are limitations in the adequate implementation and financing of social development plans that include national plans for education, health and gender equality.  The growth of violence against women and children during the pandemic, attacks on democratic values and civic activists, growing religious fundamentalism, anti-gender and homophobic rhetoric on the part of the authorities, the promotion of discriminatory laws - all require urgent action from the government.

For sustainable development of Kyrgyzstan, it is necessary:

 · Adopt comprehensive anti-discrimination legislation, following the principle of "leaving no one behind";

 · Develop inclusive lifelong learning plans using flexible learning platforms, creating a safe environment, with tailored learning materials suitable for the local context;

 · Transparently allocate the budget for the fight against COVID-19, prioritizing investments in healthcare, education, combating gender-based violence and providing targeted assistance to the most marginalized groups;

 · Ensure equal access of all citizens to information and participation in decision-making at all levels;

 · To withdraw the proposed laws: “On manipulation of information,” amendments to the laws “On NGOs”, “On Trade Unions”;

 · Adopt the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights.

We want to ask the Kyrgyz government what steps will be taken to:

 · Support for people who have lost their jobs, including migrants and those involved in the informal sector?

 · Reducing domestic violence?

  Reducing environmental damage?

 · Ensuring access to education and health care for all during a pandemic?

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Feedback from our focus groups



Experience should be attached to a law degree

Shakhboz Latipov, 24 y.o., young lawyer: “When I came to BDK for an internship, I had no experience in legal and human rights activities. Together with experienced senior colleagues, I began to attend trials, studied documents. Gradually my supervisor Khusanbai Saliev began to trust me the preparation of documents, carefully checked them and gave practical advice. Experience comes with time and cases you work on. Every day dozens of people who need help come to us, many of them are from socially vulnerable groups: the poor, large families, elderly citizens. A lawyer in a human rights organization sometimes acts as a psychologist, it is important for him to be able to maintain professionalism and show empathy. At the end of 2019, I successfully passed the exam to get the right to start working as attorney and now I work on cases as an attorney. I turn to my colleagues for help on complex issues, they always give me their advice. This is one of the strengths of the organization: there is support and understanding here.”



Organization unites regions

Feruza Amadalieva, social worker, leader, teacher: “TOT from BDK is a great opportunity to get acquainted with participants from different regions, we continue to communicate on social media and when we meet at events, as close friends, we have such warm relations! At the events, I improved my knowledge, systematized it, clarified how to apply it in practice. I really like the training modules and the way the system of training and practice is built: role-playing games, theory, discussions. Each person expresses himself/herself. I have become a leader for other vulnerable women, I try to help them and engage them in such events.” Feruza Amadalieva is a regular participant of many BDK events, she invites the BDK lawyers to provide legal advice to vulnerable women.



I became confident

In summer of 2019, Nuriza Talantbek kyzy took an active part in conducting regional screenings of documentaries, helped with organizational issues during the campaign dedicated to the International Day in Support of Victims of Torture, participated in trips, and did the TOT on women's leadership. She used to be a migrant, worked for an NGO in Osh, and now works in Bishkek in the service industry. She calls her participation in the TOT “an invaluable experience”: “I first attended such an event, and received exactly the information that I needed, for which I am sincerely grateful to the facilitators. I experienced very difficult issues in my life, and thanks to that knowledge, I was able to overcome them, I persevered! After the TOT, I became more confident, began to better understand the essence of human rights, and learned to defend my interests.”



The defendant has passed away. The work on his rehabilitation continues.

The case of Shukurullo Kochkarov shows that work on complex cases continues for many years. After the torture he was subjected to in 2010, he became disabled. We managed to get acquittal on one of the charges; the work is ongoing on achieving his rehabilitation and recognition as a victim of torture in order for compensation to be paid. Trials continue without Shukurullo Kochkarov - he died on 2 August 2019. His interests are represented by his father, Saidaziz Kochkarov, who also has a visual disability. “For many years, we have been supported by the employees of BDK, they have been handling the case of my son, they brought him to court because he couldn’t walk on his own, they constantly help our family: my wife and I underwent rehabilitation, they have helped my son by providing him with medicines, they provide all kinds of help”.



Comprehensive support for victims of torture

Resident of the Kara-Suu district, Dilyor Jumabaev, has extensive experience in dealing with law enforcement agencies. In 2010, he was accused of possessing firearms, and thanks to the work of lawyers, he was acquitted. Two years later, his house was first searched in order to find materials of an extremist nature, but nothing was found. In 2014, he was accused of possessing extremist materials. In court, the prosecutor requested 15 years in prison; the court sentenced him to 6 years. A few years later he was released on parole. “I am grateful to the lawyers of BDK for their expert legal assistance. I participated in a rehabilitation program for victims of torture. When I encounter violations, I recommend contacting this organization.”


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