The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique mechanism for improving the human rights situation at the national, regional and global levels, within which 193 UN member states submit their reports. The UPR is conducted by the UN Human Rights Council once every four years.
The UPR is an important factor for change. According to the international organization UPR Info, as per the results of 165 mid-term reports of the UN member states, which assess the human rights situation, 48% of the recommendations prompted their governments to act in order to fulfill their international obligations. In the process of UPR, the states provide their recommendations to other UN member states to improve the human rights situation and promote the exchange of best practices in the area of human rights implementation. The UPR provides an assessment of compliance of the states with the human rights obligations enshrined in the following documents:
(1) UN Charter;
(2) Universal Declaration of Human Rights;
(3) human rights instruments to which the state is a party (human rights treaties ratified by the relevant state);
(4) voluntary declarations and obligations of states (including national human rights policy and/or implemented programs).
Kyrgyzstan went through the UPR twice. During the first cycle in 2010 our country received 175 recommendations, during the second cycle in 2015 - 201 recommendations. Most of the recommendations concerned the ratification of international human rights treaties, cooperation with international UN mechanisms and protection of children’s and women’s rights. Kyrgyzstan also received substantive advice on protection against torture and ill-treatment and on the administration of justice. It is important to mention that Kyrgyzstan, on the basis of equality of all UN member states, also presents its recommendations to other states, contributing to the promotion of human rights at the global level.
In 2019 civil society organizations have the opportunity to provide alternative information about the human rights situation in Kyrgyzstan by 18 July. In order to identify current human rights issues and problems, consultations were held in all regions of Kyrgyzstan, in which more than two hundred activists and representatives of civil society organizations took part.
The consultations allowed to take into account various voices and opinions, to collect information about the problems of realization of human rights that concern the population of Kyrgyzstan. The interaction of human rights activists from various regions of Kyrgyzstan, the opportunity to study international procedures in detail and to exchange human rights expertise have created favorable conditions for the promotion of human rights at both national and international levels.
The final consultation meeting was held on 10-11 April, 2019, where practical skills were taught in providing alternative information for the universal periodic review under the guidance of Hans Fridlund and Lora Sinner, experts of the international organization UPR Info, whose goal is to facilitate the UPR process at the global level.
During the two-day consultation meetings, intensive work was carried out to identify the priority topics for the third cycle of the UPR, and further plans and strategies to promote human rights at the national and international levels were discussed.
After the meetings, the work on providing alternative information for the universal periodic review will continue on the ground with advice of Bir Duino-Kyrgyzstan.
These activities were organized by the Human Rights Movement “Bir Duino-Kyrgyzstan” in partnership with the Ombudsman Institution of the Kyrgyz Republic, the National Center of the Kyrgyz Republic for the Prevention of Torture and Ill-treatment, and the Regional Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights for Central Asia and the international non-governmental organization UPR Info.
Human Rights Movement “Bir Duino-Kyrgyzstan”: